Three plants currently operate their cooling water systems in the sidestream softening, zero discharge mode. Three new systems are in the construction phase. The systems will be reviewed with respect to design options and operational strategies. Predictions of possible future courses of this zero discharge technology will be made.
80-06: Status of Sidestream Softening
Jack V. Matson, University of Houston, Paul R. Puckorius, Puckorius & Associates, Inc.