The term fouling refers to the formationof inorganic and /or organic deposits on surfaces. In cooling systems, these deposits form on condenser tube walls increasing fluid frictional resistance, accelerating corrosion and impairing heat transfer. Biological fouling, or Biofouling, results from the attachment and growth of microbial organisms (microfouling) or microbial organisms (macrofouling). This paper is directed at microbial fouling.
80-02: Fundamental Considerations in Biofouling Control
W.G. Characklis, M.G. Trulear & N. Stathopoulos, Montana State University